Several Types of Forcibly Displaced Persons
War, human rights violations, underdevelopment, climate change and natural disasters are influencing more people to leave their homes than at any time since reliable data has been collected. There are several types of forcibly displaced persons:
Refugees flee their home and country for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion. Many refugees are in exile to escape the effects of natural or human-made disasters.
Asylum Seekers flee their homes as refugees do, but their claim to refugee status is not yet definitively evaluated in the country to which they fled.
Internally Displaced Persons have not crossed an international border but have moved to a different region than the one they call home within their own country.
Stateless Persons do not have a recognized nationality and do not belong to any country. Statelessness situations are usually caused by discrimination against certain groups. Their lack of identification — a citizenship certificate — can exclude them from access to important government services, including health care, education or employment.
Returnees are former refugees who return to their own countries or regions of origin after time in exile. Returnees need continuous support and reintegration assistance to ensure that they can rebuild their lives at home.
Let us remember the strength, courage and perseverance of millions of our refugee sisters and brothers. Let us show our support in our cities, states and nation for families forced to flee.
Debbie Weber, director